What makes a successful traded gas hub? How do traded gas hubs help the gas markets to evolve? Russia’s vision for a European/international gas index.
In the European gas market we see evidence of over-contracting and price degradation. In Asia, two simultaneously pricing mechanisms represent a “Toxic” hybrid structure.
Gas demand in 2016 rose by 7% compared to 2015, reaching 4,962 TWh, mainly driven by improved gas-to-power economics. It is the second consecutive year of demand growth after 4 years of decline
EU Gas Imports grow; supplier diversity increases due to a boost in LNG trade. LNG will dominate gas trade in the future and pushes integration of regional markets stepwise further.
￼Where will European supply come from? Domestic production stable with potential decrease in the 2nd half due to more stringent cap on Groningen field.
Update on the reforms of the natural gas system in Ukraine. Gas volumes through the Ukraine.
This paper first reviews coal power generation trends in the European Union, then summarizes coal phase-out policies in the EU and its major member states, and finally analyzes implications of the coal phase-out considering the differences in ...
The US and Caspian Export prospects via the Vertical Gas Corridor: Implications for EU Energy Security and Energy Market Integration in Eastern Europe and the Western Balkans.
While geopolitical considerations still influence the public debate about Nord Stream 2, in the EU, the topic has shifted to a rather technical discussion of energy market regulation.
Russia has demonstrated a rising appetite for taking strategic risks, and it would be naive to think that the Kremlin is not willing to unleash a “bolt from the blue” in the natural gas supply realm.