France is showing international leadership in climate change and green finance (COP21) but challenges ahead such as electricity security and system integration with nuclear and VRE..
Both countries have ambitious approaches including: ambitious goals for GHG reduction, ambitious goals for energy efficiency, strong programs for renewables & a reluctant attitude towards (new) nuclear
Thierry Bros on the impact of the arrival of a new competitor (US LNG) on European prices where Gazprom has a sizeable market share and hence real market power.
What makes a successful traded gas hub? How do traded gas hubs help the gas markets to evolve? Russia’s vision for a European/international gas index.
Transport costs for gas storage facilities are considerably higher in the Netherlands compared to Germany; this results in lower (or even negative) margins which may lead Dutch gas storage to close down.
The authors show that the existing gas infrastructure in Germany is able to make a significant contribution to achieving a comprehensive energy transition (Energiewende) without great expense.
European import requirement grows steadily with flat demand and declining production. It is up to competition between pipeline and LNG to fill this gap
Confronted with an increasingly competitive market in the European Union and the credible threat of a new entrant, in the form of liquefied natural gas imports from the United States, Gazprom’s traditional export strategy is open to question.
EU and global policies aiming at decarbonizing the energy system will strongly impact fossil fuel/gas markets in all end-use sectors
Gas demand in 2016 rose by 7% compared to 2015, reaching 4,962 TWh, mainly driven by improved gas-to-power economics. It is the second consecutive year of demand growth after 4 years of decline